Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among Canadian men, and the 3rd leading cause of death. Prostate cancer usually does not show symptoms until very late in the disease, and therefore most men in Canada are diagnosed due to prostate cancer screening.
Risk factors for prostate cancer include:
• Family history
• Ethnic background
African American men are more likely to develop prostate cancer.
Screening for prostate cancer includes a digital rectal exam to feel the prostate, and a PSA blood test. Your urologist will use the information from these two tests to determine the need for further investigation including a biopsy of the prostate. Prostate cancer is diagnosed by a prostate biopsy. This procedure is performed by the radiologist. An ultrasound probe is placed in the rectum, and local anesthetic is injected around the prostate. Samples are then taken from the prostate to be looked at under microscope.